Brain Injury 101: Animation Series Breaks Down TBI
Traumatic Brain Injuries contribute to almost a third of all U.S. injury-related deaths, but how do you explain the totality of suffering and cognitive dysfunction these underlying injuries cause for a person who survives?
This animation series educates viewers on everything they need to know about a TBI, while strategically anchoring their understanding and memory of important issues with compelling visuals they will remember when evaluating damages.
We can customize this series for any case involving a traumatic brain injury. It was most recently modified to help Keenan Nix, Esq., win an $11M verdict after a pizza delivery driver hit a pedestrian on her way to church.
The exhibits absolutely drove the outcome at trial, especially since 90 percent of them were used in opening. The jury loved all the graphics. Kudos to your team.
Brain Function 101
The first animation introduces the brain's functional anatomy.
We highlight the areas that control behavior, coordination, movement, emotion, vision, and memory. Showing where these areas are located helps lay the foundation for viewers to understand how physical damages correlate to a victim's long-term disabilities.
Brain Anatomy 101
After introducing the brain’s anatomy, we dive deep into the brain's tissue to explore how this complex network of neurons works.
We simplify this network down to the most important structural components that enable neurons to send and receive signals to and from one another. We show how dendrites receive signals, axons transmit signals, and we show how these two components make up two layers of dark and light brain matter. Visually anchoring these two systems as layers establishes prerequisite knowledge that will help viewers understand “shearing" in later discussions about trauma.
Brain Cell Microanatomy 101
After demonstrating how this complex network of neurons works, we dive even deeper into the anatomy of a single brain cell.
We simplify it down to three organelles essential for cell survival. We establish the mitochondria as the cell's power source, the ribosomes as the cell's manufacturer, and the microtubules as the conveyer belt moving ribosome protein products throughout the cell. We anchor these organelles with strategic visuals that viewers will remember and recognize in later discussions about trauma.
Traumatic Brain Injury 101
After demonstrating how the brain works - from its functionality down to its neural anatomy - we show what a traumatic brain injury does to this delicate system.
First, we show how a change in physical forces disrupts the release and flow of neurotransmitters and ions in the brain cells. An increase in calcium entering the brain cell damages the cell's mitochondria power source. Shearing between the two layers of dendrites and axons stretches the brain cells, which damages the cell's microtubules. Damage to the cell's conveyor belt system disrupts the transport of proteins produced by the cell's ribosomes. The event ultimately results in the severe damage to millions of brain cells.
Brain Cell Recovery 101
Following an initial injury, tiny cells called Microglia are activated to repair and clean up damaged brain cells.
Brain function can be affected for weeks or months until brain cells heal and function normalizes. The microglia cells can remain in a pre-excitatory state that may last for months. This can be an issue in a case involving repeat brain trauma.
Repeat Brain Trauma 101
If your client's brain injury involves repeat trauma, the additional injury triggers the microglia into an excitatory state. The excited microglia release substances that are toxic to brain cells.
The dead cells and debris form amyloid plaques that collect in the brain and disrupt brain function. This final animation highlights the areas of the brain most sensitive to neurodegeneration and links damages to the symptoms most associated with this type of irreversible brain damage.